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1814 Treaties: Treaty of Fontainebleau Books LLC

1814 Treaties: Treaty of Fontainebleau

Books LLC

Published May 31st 2010
ISBN : 9781156253076
Paperback
42 pages
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 About the Book 

Purchase includes free access to book updates online and a free trial membership in the publishers book club where you can select from more than a million books without charge. Excerpt: The Treaty of Fontainebleau was an agreement established inMorePurchase includes free access to book updates online and a free trial membership in the publishers book club where you can select from more than a million books without charge. Excerpt: The Treaty of Fontainebleau was an agreement established in Paris (Fontainebleau) on 11 April 1814 between Napoleon Bonaparte and representatives from Austria, Hungary, Bohemia, Russia, and Prussia. The treaty was signed at Paris on 11 April by the plenipotentiaries of both sides, and ratified by Napoleon on 13 April. With this treaty, the allies ended Napoleons rule as emperor of France and sent him into exile on Elba. In the War of the Sixth Coalition (18121814), a coalition of Austria, Prussia, Russia, Sweden, a number of German states, drove Napoleon out of Germany in 1813. In 1814, while the United Kingdom, Spain and Portugal invaded France across the Pyrenees, the Russians, Austrians and their allies invaded France and, after the Battle of Paris, entered into negotiations with members of the French government for the abdication of Napoleon Bonaparte. On 31 March the Coalition powers issued a declaration to the French nation: On 1 April the Russian Emperor Alexander I addressed the French Senate in person and laid out similar terms as were in the previous days declaration, and as a gesture of good will announced that 150,000 French prisoners of war who had been held by the Russians since the French invasion of Russia two years earlier (in 1812), would be released immediately. The next day the French Senate agreed to the Coalitions terms and passed a resolution deposing Napoleon. They also passed a decree dated 5 April justifying their actions, and ending: During 3 April 1814 word reached Napoleon who was at the Palace of Fontainebleau that the French Senate had dethroned him. As the Coalition forces had made public their position that their quarrel was with Napoleon and not the French people Napoleon called their bluff and abdicated... More: http://booksllc.net/?id=11856990